Show Me / Tell Me
Open the bonnet, identify where you would check the engine-oil level and tell me how you would check that the engine had sufficient oil.
Identify the dipstick/oil level indicator; ensure the car is on level ground with engine cold/cool. Describe check of oil level against minimum/maximum markers.
Open the bonnet, identify where you would check the engine-coolant level and tell me how you would check that the engine has the correct level.
Identify high/low markings on the header/expansion tank where fitted or radiator filler-cap. Check level when engine is cold and to top-up with water/antifreeze mixture up to maximum level.
Open the bonnet, identify where the windscreen-washer reservoir is, and tell me how you would check the windscreen-washer level.
Identify the reservoir and explain that some cars have a ‘float’ to gauge the level. Otherwise fill it up to the top.
Open the bonnet, identify where the brake fluid reservoir is, and tell me how you would check that you have a safe level of hydraulic brake fluid.
Identify reservoir, check against high/low markings.
Show me how you would check that the brake lights are working on this car. [The examiner can assist you. If you need to switch the ignition on, please don’t start the engine].
Switch on the ignition, operate the brake pedal; make use of available reflective surfaces such as windows, garage doors, etc or ask someone you trust to press the pedal so that you check the lights yourself.
Show me how you would check that the horn is working [off-road only]
[Turn on ignition if necessary]. Operate the appropriate control
Show me/explain how you would check that the power-assisted steering is working before starting a journey.
If the steering becomes heavy the system may not be working properly. Before starting a journey two simple checks can be made: Gentle pressure on the steering wheel, maintained while the engine is started should result in a slight but noticeable movement as the system begins to operate.
Show me how you would check that the direction indicators are working.
[Turn on the ignition if necessary]. Apply the indicators or hazard warning switch and walk around the car checking operation of all six indicators.
Show me how you would check the parking brake [handbrake] for excessive wear. Make sure you keep safe control of the vehicle.
KEEP FOOT ON THE BRAKE. Demonstrate by releasing and re-applying the parking brake so that when it is fully applied it secures itself, but is not at the full extent of its working travel.
Show me how you would clean the windscreen using the windscreen washers and wipers.
Operate the appropriate switch as per manufacturer’s instructions. [Turn on ignition if necessary]
Show me how you would set the demister controls to clear all windows effectively. This should include both front and rear screens.
Operate the appropriate controls/switch for both front and rear screens as per the manufacturer’s instructions. [Turn on the ignition if necessary]
Show me how you would switch on the rear fog light[s] and explain when you would use it/them. [No need to exit the vehicle, please don’t start the engine.]
Switch on ignition and turn on headlights. Operate the appropriate switch as per manufacturer’s instructions. Use this/these lights when visibility is reduced to less than 100 metres [Highway Code]
Show me how you would switch your headlights from dipped to main beam and explain how you would know that the main beam is on whilst inside the car.
Turn on ignition and dipped headlights and note the green light on the instrument panel. Operate the appropriate switch as per manufacturer’s instructions so that a blue light replaces the green. If unable to differentiate between green/blue, take note of the different layout of the symbol used [NOT JUST THE COLOUR]
Tell me how you would check that the brakes are working before starting a journey.
Shortly after moving, brakes should be applied. They should not feel spongy or slack, or cause the vehicle to pull to one side or the other.
Tell me where you would find the information for the recommended tyre-pressures for this car and how tyre-pressures should be checked.
Refer to the manufacturer’s handbook, on the end of the door, or fuel-cap etc. Use a reliable tyre-pressure gauge. Check tyres when they are cold. Check all five tyres including the spare tyre. Remember to re-fit the valve caps when done.
Tell me how you would check the tyres to ensure that they have sufficient tread depth and that their general condition is safe to use on the road.
They should be free from cuts and/or bulges. There should be at least 1.6mm of tread depth across the central three quarters of the breadth of the tyre and around the entire outer circumference.
Tell me how you would check that the headlights and taillights are working. [No need to exit the vehicle].
[Turn on the ignition] Operate the switch as per the manufacturer’s instructions and walk around the vehicle checking the bulbs.
Tell me how you would make sure you head restraint is correctly adjusted so it provides the best protection in the event of a crash.
Adjust so that the top of the ears [eye-line] is half-way up the head restraint.
Tell me how you would know if there was a problem with your anti-lock braking system.
Check that the appropriate symbol used in the instrument panel goes out when the engine is started and remains off for the duration of the journey.